Ahead of CISA cyber incident reporting regulations, DHS issued a report on harmonizing 52 cyber incident reporting requirements, presenting a model common reporting platform that could encompass them all.
CISA must produce its incident report requirements under the Cyber Incident Reporting for Critical Infrastructure Act of 2022 (CIRCIA). CIRCIA also required DHS to issue this report to address potential duplication of cyber incident reporting requirements, the challenges of harmonizing these requirements, the steps DHS could take to facilitate this harmonization, and proposed legislation that might be needed to address duplicative requirements.
Under CIRCIA, Congress established a Cyber Incident Reporting Council (CIRC) to "coordinate, deconflict, and harmonize federal incident reporting requirements, including those issued through regulation." CIRC and 33 government agencies investigated the duplication and harmonization issues and issued a series of recommendations on how best to harmonize the various cyber incident report activities spread across the federal government.